Excel Events Calendar!

Hi everyone,

As per my last post, I recently set up a free public Excel Help Forum on my website. I'm pleased to say that over the past week and a bit we've attracted 50 new users, and now have over 40 threads with over 200 total posts on the site. Not bad for 10 days!

I've spent a lot of time configuring different options to try and make this forum as consumable as possible for people. In addition to the basic forum functionality, some of the modifications include:

  • Serious anti-spam solutions to keep the board all about questions and answers, without having to wade through garbage
  • Facebook integration, for those of you who like to tell your friends what you're doing 😉
  • RSS feeds, for those who like to keep up to date on the topics, and drop in when you see one that interests you
  • Tapatalk integration, for those who want to keep up with the site on a mobile device

And those are just the big ones. There's been a lot of tweaks under the hood to make the experience as optimal as possible, and a few others are coming soon.

The latest thing I've worked on is adding what I hope to be THE Excel Events Calendar on the internet…

I'd like to invite everyone to use the Calendar on the forum as a public Excel Events Calendar. If you have, or know of, an Excel event in your area, please post it for the world to see. I'd like to make this the most comprehensive Excel training calendar on the internet.

There are only 2 rules I'd like to attach to this at this point:

  • Put the location of the event in the title, if applicable. The goal is that people will be able to find events that they can attend in their own backyard, worldwide.
  • Only the date(s) of event should be posted. (I don't want a post each week reminding people.) If there is a registration cutoff date, please post it in the event information.

I think if everyone observes the above, the calendar should remain relevant and helpful to everyone.

Events I would expect to see include training courses (live or online), new book release dates, conferences that deal with subject matter relevant to the users on this site. (Be it BI, SQL, Sharepoint and more, so long as it has an Excel flavour, it counts.)

If you are a trainer, teacher, publisher, or whatever, I invite you to participate. Register for the site, if you're not already, and post your event to the Excel Event Calendar. The more up-to-date and accurate we can make this, the more our community can rely on this being the source to come to for training courses. The more that happens, the more likelihood you'll get signups. The more signups you get, the more likely you are to want to put on more training events, and the more the users win. It's a self-fulfilling cycle that is in all of our best interests.

Oh, and one final word on this to everyone. I am not doing this to solicit commissions, affiliate links or funding in any way. There is already enough advert links on the site. This is about people helping people in our Excel world.

New Excel Help Forums at Excelguru.ca

Hello everyone,

At the last MVP summit I had discussions with a couple of people about something that has been burning away in the back of my mind for quite some time... creating my own Excel forums.

I've been absent from the online forums for the last few years, and I've greatly missed it. With the amount of teaching I've done over the past few years I've constantly been referring people to other forums and blogs, and I've received several comments from those people asking about a forum on my own site. So during this time I've been musing it over, wondering if there is enough differentiation, or enough reason to take on the task of building and maintaining another forum out on the interweb.

Despite missing a few of my good friends at the last summit, it was one of the most exhilarating ones I've been too, for a variety of reasons. Some of it was technology based, of course, but there was some based on conversations with people that I never expected to have. The compounding of all of it together made me realize that I have been putting this off for too long, and that I actually needed to do it, to bring back the piece of me that I've put off for my job over the past few years.

To this end, I've begun the process of building another forum on the web, one that focuses on Excel and Excel users. I am hoping to grow it with the style of friendly community that was fostered at VBAExpress.com, but have the focus strictly on Excel users from start to finish, no matter the platform. There are forums there for Excel Client focused areas, Programming (VBA, .NET, XML, etc), PowerPivot and data needs, the recently released Excel WebApp and even Sharepoint. As I said, I want this to be a one stop portal for anything Excel related.

In addition to the Excel focused stuff, I've also added a simple section on the other Office apps. The reason for this is simple; every Excel user encounters the other Office apps, and runs into issues. I think it's important that we have a place to ask/answer those too.

Oh, and naturally there is a chat forum, as no forum would be complete without it.

The forums are, of course, completely free to use. Simply sign up for an account, and post your questions. You'll be notified immediately by email when someone replies, so you can jump right back to the forum and post further information if required, or see the solution that an expert has helped you build. You can even upload your own files to the forum so that people can see EXACTLY what you're trying to do. After all, a picture saves 1000 words, right?

And if you're an expert, or even if you'd just like to help, then post some answers! We love help, and encourage you to take part. Speaking from my own experience, I can tell you that there is no better way to better your own skillset than by trying to help others. You won't always have perfect answers, but nor do we expect that. This is all about people helping people. The intentions are what is important.

You can find them at http://www.excelguru.ca/forums. (The registration button is in the top right of the screen.) Or, if you'd prefer, you can jump straight to the Registration link to create your account.

I look forward to seeing you in the forums!

Installing RSAT on Windows 7 SP1

Today we began the process of migrating away from VMWare to Microsoft Hyper-V for our server farms. Something I'm sure that Microsoft would be pretty happy to hear. And yet I got burned by an issue in the process that irks me.

I keep my OS pretty current, and installed Windows 7 SP1 as soon as it was pushed out in Windows Update. Today we go to install Microsoft's Remote Server Administration tools so that I can connect to Hyper-V to build and manage my Virtual Machines, and it won't install. What the hell? I get a nice little error message telling me "This update is not applicable to your computer." Like hell it's not!

After some searching, I found out that someone has come up with a route around this issue to get it to work correctly, which you can find here.

Microsoft has acknowledged it as an issue. In their KB's wording: "Microsoft has confirmed this to be by design, as RSAT was designed for Windows 7 RTM version. A newer version of RSAT is slated to be released in the future." Their advice is to uninstall SP1, install RSAT, then reinstall SP1 again. To me that sounds more dangerous than the route I went to fix it.

Personally, I don't think this is good enough. If this is truly "by design", then someone needs a smack upside the head. Microsoft wants people to keep their software current, and these are the exact people getting smacked!

I get that software is tough to deploy, but if the route I went is all that's needed to fix it, surely someone could roll up a quick hotfix to release in a few hours.

Write-back Using PowerPivot

I think this is kind of neat…

In a discussion about PowerPivot yesterday, one of my friends stated that it wasn't really useful since you couldn't perform writeback using PowerPivot. To him this is a very important piece in the Excel budgeting process. Now, I agree that PowerPivot doesn't give you write-back to a database, but this got me thinking… we have linked tables, so why couldn't we create a write-back loop for a model that was built entirely in Excel? Well, we can!

To be clear here, this only works if your entire model is built in Excel and PowerPivot. You can source data from elsewhere to supplement it, but the key is that the information will be written into the PowerPivot cube as the ultimate database. I am certainly not advising anyone to toss a database in favour of a PowerPivot file, but if you don't have a database, and want to user PowerPivot as your DB, then this could work.

Here's how I generated a writeback scenario…

To summarize this:

  • The initial step is to create a table of data in Excel, format it as a Table.
  • Next, we need to link the Excel table into PowerPivot. (Create Linked Table.) This action will upload the structure and data into PowerPivot, forming the beginning of the PowerPivot database.
  • The next step is that we create a PivotTable in Excel, based off the data. At this point we will have a data table in Excel, and a PivotTable based off that data in another sheet. While I haven't tested this, I don't see any reason why you couldn't avoid the PivotTable and just use cube functions based off the PowerPivot cube instead if you prefer. At any rate, here's the PivotTable I set up:
  • I then create a working sheet.
    • The purpose of this worksheet is to pull in the values from the PivotTable (or be populated with OLAP formulas), then allow the user to "override" the key sections. In my test, I used a bunch of GETPIVOTDATA functions to pull the values from the PivotTable (although I could easily have one with an Index/Match combination or something else too.) This section looks like as follows (notice the override cell):

    • Depending on the complexity of the model, I might also create a summary section to re-summarize all the inputs. This would also give the user a place to review for reasonableness, as well as give a nice range to use for an INDEX(MATCH(),MATCH()) combination. You can see tha the summary version uses my override, not the original PivotTable value here:

  • Finally, we go back to the original data table we uploaded to PowerPivot. At this point, we need to have it read the data from our adjusted data tables. In the case of the example here, I used an Index/Match setup to read from the data table immediately above.

And now we have the ability to generate our writeback. We start at the top of the image below, where the blue circles are manual steps and the red circles are automatic.

You can download a sample of the setup I used to test this. It's fairly simple, but it does demonstrate that it works. J

Excel WebApp – Formulas that don’t work

I was writing going to write up an article for my site tonight to show how to create a table of contents using native Excel functions, rather than resorting to VBA. Naturally, I figured that it would be great to put up an interactive example with the Excel WebApp, but I ran into an issue: I found a formula that works fine in the client, but just returns #VALUE! Errors in the Excel WebApp.

Debra did a great writeup of the =CELL function back in her 30 Excel Functions in 30 Days series. The examples work great in the client, but not the webapp. Too bad, really, as it's a great function that can be used for a lot of things.

I don't know how much people have played with this, but if you encounter a function that doesn't work, post it in the comments. It would be nice to get a full list.

Data Validation in Excel Services

I'm a huge consumer of Data Validation in Excel. Techniques I use include:

Pro-active Data Validation:

  • Excel's Data Validation toolset
  • Form controls
  • ActiveX controls
  • PivotTable filters
  • Slicers

Re-active Data Validation:

  • Conditional formats
  • Contextual formulas (IF)

So naturally, as I was trying to convert one of my web pages to use Microsoft WebApp off SkyDrive, I ran into issues. Unfortunately at this point in time, the majority of the techniques that we use for data validation in the client are not yet supported in WebApp. And yet, if we're trying to build a web application, sanitizing the data is really important to make sure it works correctly.

I decided to convert my "Automation Evaluation" worksheet, which was intended to display how much it cost someone to do repetitive tasks over time. The overall goal of this file was to convince someone that they should pay me to automate their work, back when I was still doing consulting projects. I don't do them any more, but I think the exercise is still worth having on the site.

In this file, it was really important to me to control the options people can select to work with for how many minutes/hours/days they spend on a task. I want the right data in there to drive my chart, yet my options are VERY limited in WebApp.

I tried the slicers, but they aren't really built for this scenario. Set horizontally or vertically they take up way too much space. You can set them to a single column then make your user scroll down, but if you only have one option on the screen (like a combo box) then it gets awkward to figure out which option(s) are selected, and involves extra clicks. And that doesn't even touch the "how do I return the clicked value from a slicer" issue. (I haven't figured out how to get a value from a non-PowerPivot slicer yet.)

So this time I reached to PivotTables. I ended up making some very small tables with the options I needed and created a PivotTable that uses only the Page Field. This give me the ability to get a drop-down with pre-defined options. It works, but it does have a couple of issues:

  • In the client it defaults to a "Select one item" approach and you have to check a box to allow you to select multiple items. In WebApp, it allows you to select multiple items. So I had to add a contextual formula to feed back info to the users if this happens.
  • There are actually hidden rows in the worksheet to allow the Page Field to be changed. Even though the options selected always end up in the page field line, it seems to need extra space to refresh the table.

At any rate, it's not perfect, but it seems to work. Here's a look at the file:

Another Excel Services (Skydrive) Example

This isn't done yet, and had some extraneous information in it as I was converting a file with much more in it to an interactive web version. This particular file (when complete) will show an interactive breakeven analysis for an event entailing food and beverage.

The link will update as I rebuild the file, but for right now, it's working, and shows that you can interact with the file and have the chart redraw. Probably the best route is to adjust by very large amounts to see the effects. Once I've got it all up and running properly, I'm going to build this into a full page in my site, but I'm uploading for a demo for a client that I need for tomorrow morning.

Here you go, have a play!

User Defined Functions vs Formulas in Excel – Guest Post

The following article is courtesy of Yoav Ezer, who volunteered to do a guest post for me while I am at the summit. Thanks Yoav!

User Defined Functions versus Formulas in Excel

Which are better, Excel functions or UDFs? Use Microsoft Excel for long enough you are inevitably going to get to a situation where you are going to have to choose. In many cases they might seem equivalent. What are the pros and cons of each approach?

The main difference of course is that the developer of the spreadsheet designs the User Defined Function, it is user-defined after all! This means the function is exactly what you need right now, whereas formulas depend on using the (albeit powerful) built-in features of Excel.

In terms of readability, you will usually find well-written functions have the slight edge. Rather than a complex formula with potentially many levels of nested commands, you can simply use MyFormulaName() and so on.

What other comparisons can be made?

Testing Speed

To test to see if there was a significant speed difference we set up a spreadsheet as below. On the left we have some columns where we test to see if the number in column C is between the number in A and B. We use a function to check. Over on the right we do the same thing, but this time using formulas.

To fill out the rows, we increment the values in both sets of columns just to give us some values to work with.

In D our cell contains a very easy to read =GetBetween(C2,A2,B2)

In column I we have our formula =IF(H2=MEDIAN(F2:H2),"Yes","No") which you may or may not find easy to read!

Obviously the function is hiding a bit more complexity...


Our UDF is called, as you would expect, GetBetween and takes a value and two cell references. We check to see if the value is between the two cell values. It's a simple IF statement to return our answers.

Which is Faster?

I copied these cells around 50,000 times and changed the values.

Disappointingly, at first I found no discernable difference. It seems in this case the formula and the UDF are pretty equivalent. Until, that is, you start to tax your computer. When I doubled that number of rows I started to see that UDFs can be almost twenty times slower than formulas.


It seems in normal day-to-day usage there is no clear winner, so use whichever approach works for you. In terms of developer flexibility the UDF will ultimately win but until you get to that threshold work with whichever approach suits your objectives and skill levels.

Once you start to build huge spreadsheets though pure performance is definitely going to become an issue. That is where you need to start considering where you can make easy gains in speed, testing formulas over your precious functions might be the place to look.

What do you think? UDF or formula?

About the author

Yoav Ezer co-authors the technology and productivity blog Codswallop. He is also the CEO of a company that produces PDF to Excel conversion software.

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